... is a form of PTSD derived from repeated traumatic events over long periods of time. Symptoms include but are not limited to emotional dysregulation; feelings of disassociation, worthlessness, shame, and guilt; social anxiety and inability to connect or bond with others; as well as relationship dysfunction and trouble keeping friends and partners.
Some causes of Complex PTSD are narcisstic/emotional abuse
from family members, friends/peers, co-workers, or employers; childhood neglect/foster care instability, physical/sexual abuse,
or repeated bullying.
According to the Trauma Institute & Child Trauma Institute,
massage therapy can provide relief from physical, emotional, and mental stress and decrease levels of depression, anxiety, irritability,
and other symptoms associated with trauma exposure (Collinge, Kahn, & Soltysik 2012).
Massage is particularly relevant to trauma because traumatized individuals live in a state of hyper-vigilance which maintains a
chronic and harmful high level of stress hormones like Cortisol. Massage therapy has shown to decrease these levels while increasing Serotonin and Dopamine hormone levels which are associated with a positive elevation of mood (Field, Hernandez-Reif, Diego, Schanberg, & Kuhn, 2005).